In 2001, a single gunshot sent shockwaves through the heart of Cincinnati. Our city was shaken to its core as Timothy Thomas, an unarmed young African-American man, fell victim to a tragic encounter with the Cincinnati Police Department. Thomas’s death ignited a firestorm of protests, climaxing in the now-infamous April Riots – a wave of unrest etched deeply into our city’s memory. We now reflect on Timothy Thomas, the events in the aftermath of his untimely demise, and the steps taken by the community to heal and strive towards a more just and equitable future.

15 + 1: A Pot Boils Over Into the April Riots

April 2001: Timothy Thomas, armed only with the promise of a bright future, unknowingly took his final steps through Cincinnati’s Over-the-Rhine neighborhood. Though Thomas was wanted on multiple misdemeanor warrants, none of them exhibited a propensity for violence, which made his death at the hands of a Cincinnati police officer even more gut-wrenching.

The community’s grief and outrage had been simmering, as Thomas was the proverbial 15th-and-a-half straw to break the camel’s back. He was the fifteenth African-American man to die in an altercation with the police within the previous six years. The citizens, at their wit’s end, demanded answers and justice.

Thousands of Cincinnati residents flooded the streets, sharing their collective pain and frustration through protests that later escalated into the April Riots. This four-day whirlwind of civil unrest resulted in considerable property damage, over 800 arrests, and a curfew established to quench the public’s fiery anger.

Yet behind the turmoil, an ember of hope began to crackle – a hope that Cincinnati would become a city united in their pursuit of change, justice, and equality.

From Broken Glass to Glass Half Full: Cincinnati’s Journey to Repair

In the wake of the April Riots of 2001, the city was in pieces, and the trust between law enforcement and the community was hanging by a thread. But Cincinnati’s resilience shone through. Mayor Charlie Luken rang an alarm, describing the events as “a wake-up call for the city,” and initiated the Collaborative Agreement – a blueprint for healing, drafted by the Cincinnati Police Department alongside the American Civil Liberties Union and the Cincinnati Black United Front.

In 2002, the Department of Justice (DOJ) and Cincinnati reached a settlement, establishing guidelines for police conduct, and solidifying measures to promote transparency and accountability. The city now fosters trust through community engagement, problem-solving, and the enrichment of police training.

But police reform was only half the battle. The people of Cincinnati, from local businesses to artists, stood united, working tirelessly to repair the ravaged Over-the-Rhine neighborhood. Their restoration efforts resulted in new public art, community spaces, and grassroots projects that swelled with unity and neighborhood pride.

Cincinnati has made leaps and bounds in recent years. The city’s investment in police-community relations and commitment to transparency have reduced instances of excessive force and improved trust between the police and the public. While challenges persist, the city continues to push forward.

Timothy’s Star: A 20-Year Journey Towards Healing and Change

Two decades have passed since the tragic loss of Timothy Thomas, yet we remain inspired by the strength, determination, and resilience of a city that used the ashes of tragedy to ignite a transformative wave of change. His legacy lives on, spurring Cincinnati’s residents towards a fairer, diverse, and inclusive society. We honor Timothy Thomas’ memory by pledging to be stewards of a brighter tomorrow, acknowledging the road we must continue to travel in pursuit of a just and equitable world.